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45th (Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot (Sherwood Foresters) forming square in drill, 1860 (c)

Photograph, India, 1860 (c).

The traditional British tactic for opposing a cavalry attack was the square. In this formation an infantry regiment would draw up in a square with men on each side facing outwards with fixed bayonets. Although this tactic was out of date in Europe in an era of long-range and rapid-fire rifles, it was still a feature of late 19th century colonial campaigns against indigenous warriors, so British units in India still practised manoeuvring into position.

From an album of 97 photographs, 1865 (c) -1870.

NAM Accession Number

NAM. 1952-11-41-97


National Army Museum, Out of Copyright


National Army Museum, Study collection

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