General Viscount Kitchener of Khartoum, (centre, front), Commander-in-Chief India, with his personal staff, 1903
Photograph, India, 1903.
Kitchener was appointed Commander-in-Chief in India in 1902 and remained in the post until 1909. During his tenure he reorganised the Indian Army, merging the three armies of the Presidencies into a unified force that had enough troops for internal security needs alongside a striking force of nine divisions and five cavalry brigades. The latter were organised as fighting formations in peacetime, complete with their own staffs.
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National Army Museum, Out of Copyright
National Army Museum, Study collection
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