Type X Mk 2 Parachute pack, 1944 (c)
This type of parachute, used by the British airborne troops who landed at Arnhem, had a 26 ft (7.92 m) canopy made of either silk, cotton or nylon, attached to 28 rigging lines with a minimum breaking strength of 400lbs (181 kg). The Type X had a comfortable webbing harness and a single, quick release fastening over the stomach. Unlike American parachutes of the time, this model did not have a reserve parachute. This was because the British jumped from a much lower altitude than the Americans and this did not allow adequate time to use a reserve should it be needed. An excellent design, it was in service for 25 years before finally being withdrawn.
NAM Accession Number
National Army Museum Copyright
National Army Museum, Study collection