Lee Enfield cavalry .303 in Mk I magazine carbine, 1896
Approved in 1896, the Lee-Enfield carbine was a great improvement on the Martini-Henry. It had a box magazine containing six rounds and had a smooth bolt-action, but in the Boer War (1899-1902) it was opposed by Mauser carbines, which were clip-fed rather than having the rounds loaded by hand. In action it was slower and less accurate than the Mauser. As a result of this war experience, all carbines were replaced by the Short Magazine Lee-Enfield, the universal rifle, in 1903.
This carbine was carried by Sir Edwin King as a lieutenant in the 1st Volunteer Battalion of the Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own). King was associated with the Middlesex Regiment from taking his commission in 1897 to becoming Lieutenant-Colonel in command of the 7th Battalion in 1918. He remained honorary colonel of the 7th Battalion from 1927 until 1945.
NAM Accession Number
National Army Museum Copyright
National Army Museum, Study collection