Flintlock English lock musket, 1660 (c)
This musket is a flintlock. When the trigger was pulled, a piece of flint was brought down sharply onto a metal pan loaded with gunpowder. This produced sparks which ignited the powder to fire the weapon. Muskets like this were very inaccurate, and had a maximum range of about 50 metres. Musketeers had to fire a volley of shots at an enemy to be sure of hitting someone. Muskets were impossible to reload quickly, so musketeers had to be protected from enemy cavalry by pikemen.
NAM Accession Number
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National Army Museum, Battle gallery