German prisoners of war under guard by a signpost to El Alamein, 1942
Photograph, World War Two, North Africa (1940-1943), 1942.
Unlike other battles of the desert war, El Alamein was fought on a narrow front, which offered no possibility of flanking manoeuvres. Instead the Eighth Army had to fight a bloody pitched battle in which they advanced slowly through dense minefields under a massive artillery bombardment in the teeth of ferocious enemy resistance. In a grinding battle of attrition, Montgomery used his superior resources to wear down the enemy before unleashing an armoured onslaught to effect a breakthrough that forced them into retreat.
While the strategic importance of the battle may have been overstated, El Alamein was an important boost for British morale at this otherwise low point in the war.
From a collection of 147 official photographs mounted on 6 album pages and loose, 1941-1942.
NAM Accession Number
National Army Museum, Out of Copyright
National Army Museum, Study collection
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